2021 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 6
Contents
Problem
Chantal and Jean start hiking from a trailhead toward a fire tower. Jean is wearing a heavy backpack and walks slower. Chantal starts walking at miles per hour. Halfway to the tower, the trail becomes really steep, and Chantal slows down to miles per hour. After reaching the tower, she immediately turns around and descends the steep part of the trail at miles per hour. She meets Jean at the halfway point. What was Jean's average speed, in miles per hour, until they meet?
Solution 1 (Generalized Distance)
Let miles be the distance from the trailhead to the fire tower, where When Chantal meets Jean, the two have traveled for hours. At that point, Jean has traveled for miles, so his average speed is miles per hour.
~MRENTHUSIASM
Solution 2 (Specified Distance)
We will follow the same template as shown in Solution 1, except that we will replace with a convenient constant.
Let miles be the distance from the trailhead to the fire tower. When Chantal meets Jean, the two have traveled for hours. At that point, Jean has traveled for miles, so his average speed is miles per hour.
~MRENTHUSIASM
Solution 3 (d=st)
Shortened Solution
, so Jean's speed can be represented as . We know the time is (if the total distance is ), so Jean's speed is .
Full Solution
We know that distance traveled is equal to the speed multiplied with the time. So, and . Let be equal to the distance from the trailhead to the tower. Then, originally, Chantel travels a distance with at miles per hour. So, Chantel's time is . From the midpoint to the tower, Chantel takes hours (since Chantel has speed of miles per hour.) Similarly, the time it takes for Chantel to return to the midpoint is . Therefore, the total time is . We can can substitute this time into the original equation of to obtain , so .
~jaspersun
Video Solution 1 by OmegaLearn
~ pi_is_3.14
Video Solution 2 (Simple and Quick)
~ Education, the Study of Everything
Video Solution 3
~savannahsolver
Video Solution 4 (by TheBeautyofMath)
~IceMatrix
Video Solution by The Learning Royal
See Also
2021 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 5 |
Followed by Problem 7 | |
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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