# Difference between revisions of "Incircle"

An incircle of a convex polygon is a circle which is inside the figure and tangent to each side. Every triangle and regular polygon has a unique incircle, but in general polygons with 4 or more sides (such as non- square rectangles) do not have an incircle. A quadrilateral that does have an incircle is called a Tangential Quadrilateral. For a triangle, the center of the incircle is the Incenter.

## Formulas

• The radius of an incircle of a triangle (the inradius) with sides $a,b,c$ and area $A$ is $r =$ $\frac{2A}{a+b+c}$
• The radius of an incircle of a right triangle (the inradius) with legs $a,b$ and hypotenuse $c$ is $r=\frac{ab}{a+b+c}=\frac{a+b-c}{2}$.
• For any polygon with an incircle, $A=sr$, where $A$ is the area, $s$ is the semi perimeter, and $r$ is the inradius.
• The coordinates of the incenter (center of incircle) are $(\dfrac{aA_x+bB_x+cC_x}{a+b+c}, \dfrac{aA_y+bB_y+cC_y}{a+b+c})$, if the coordinates of each vertex are $A(A_x, A_y)$, $B(B_x, B_y)$, and $C(C_x, C_y)$, the side opposite of $A$ has length $a$, the side opposite of $B$ has length $b$, and the side opposite of $C$ has length $c$.
• The formula for the semiperimeter is $s=\frac{a+b+c}{2}$.
• The area of the triangle by Heron's Formula is $A^2=s(s-a)(s-b)(s-d)$.