Nine point circle

Revision as of 18:50, 3 August 2017 by Always correct (talk | contribs) (Proof of the Existence)
Triangle ABC with the nine point circle in light orange

The nine point circle (also known as Euler's circle or Feuerbach's circle) of a given triangle is a circle which passes through 9 "significant" points:

That such a circle exists is a non-trivial theorem of Euclidean geometry.

The center of the nine point circle is the nine-point center and is usually denoted $N$.

Proof of Existence

Since $O_c$ is the midpoint of $AB$ and $E_b$ is the midpoint of $BH$, $O_cE_b$ is parallel to $AH$. Using similar logic, we see that $O_bE_c$ is also parallel to $AH$. Since $E_b$ is the midpoint of $HB$ and $E_c$ is the midpoint of $BC$, $E_bE_c$ is parallel to $BC$, which is perpendicular to $AH$. Similar logic gives us that $O_bO_c$ is perpendicular to $AH$ as well. Therefore $O_bO_cE_bE_c$ is a rectangle, which is a cyclic figure. The diagonals $O_bE_b$ and $O_cE_c$ are diagonals of the circumcircle. Similar logic to the above gives us that $O_aO_cE_aE_c$ is a rectangle with a common diagonal to $O_bO_cE_bE_c$. Therefore the circumcircles of the two rectangles are identical. We can also gain that rectangle $O_aO_bE_aE_b$ is also on the circle.

We now have a circle with the points $O_a$, $O_b$, $O_c$, $E_a$, $E_b$, and $E_c$ on it, with diameters $O_aE_A$, $O_bE_b$, and $O_cE_c$. We now note that $\angle E_aH_aO_a=\angle E_bH_bO_b=\angle E_cH_cO_c=90^{\circ}$. Therefore $H_a$, $H_b$, ad $H_c$ are also on the circle. We now have a circle with the midpoints of the sides on it, the three midpoints of the segments joining the vertices of the triangle to its orthocenter on it, and the three feet of the altitudes of the triangle on it. Therefore the nine points are on the circle, and the nine-point circle exists. $Another$$proof.$ We know that the reflection of the orthocenter about the Triangle's sides and about the mid points of the triangle's sides lie on the circumcircle. Thus consider the homothety centred at $H$ with ratio $-1/2$.It maps the circumcircle to the nine point circle. Hence proved. This article is a stub. Help us out by expanding it.

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