At its roots, problem solving is exactly what it sounds like, the process of solving problems. However, problem solving methods permeate the studies of mathematics, science, and technology. The human processes involved in problem solving are often studied by cognitive scientists. Often, problem solving is more than rote memorization or raw calculation. It is an art, which Art of Problem Solving helps people recognize and use. Problem solving skills are often needed on mathematics competitions, such as the American Mathematics Competitions, Mathcounts, USAMTS, etc.
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