1950 AHSME Problems/Problem 19

Problem

If $m$ men can do a job in $d$ days, then $m+r$ men can do the job in:

$\textbf{(A)}\ d+r \text{ days}\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ d-r\text{ days}\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ \frac{md}{m+r}\text{ days}\qquad\\ \textbf{(D)}\ \frac{d}{m+r}\text{ days}\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ \text{None of these}$

Solution

The number of men is inversely proportional to the number of days the job takes. Thus, if $m$ men can do a job in $d$ days, we have that it will take $md$ days for $1$ man to do the job. Thus, $m + r$ men can do the job in $\frac{md}{m+r}$ days and our answer is $\textbf{(C)}.$

See Also

1950 AHSC (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 18
Followed by
Problem 20
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