1990 AIME Problems/Problem 5

Problem

Let $n^{}_{}$ be the smallest positive integer that is a multiple of $75_{}^{}$ and has exactly $75_{}^{}$ positive integral divisors, including $1_{}^{}$ and itself. Find $\frac{n}{75}$.

Solution

The prime factorization of $75 = 3^15^2 = (2+1)(4+1)(4+1)$. For $n$ to have exactly $75$ integral divisors, we need to have $n = p_1^{e_1-1}p_2^{e_2-1}\cdots$ such that $e_1e_2 \cdots = 75$. Since $75|n$, two of the prime factors must be $3$ and $5$. To minimize $n$, we can introduce a third prime factor, $2$. Also to minimize $n$, we want $5$, the greatest of all the factors, to be raised to the least power. Therefore, $n = 2^43^45^2$ and $\frac{n}{75} = \frac{2^43^45^2}{3 \cdot 5^2} = 16 \cdot 27 = \boxed{432}$.

See also

1990 AIME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 4
Followed by
Problem 6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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