1992 AIME Problems/Problem 10
Consider the region in the complex plane that consists of all points such that both and have real and imaginary parts between and , inclusive. What is the integer that is nearest the area of ?
Let . Since we have the inequality which is a square of side length .
Also, so we have , which leads to:
We graph them:
To find the area outside the two circles but inside the square, we want to find the unique area of the two circles. We can do this by adding the area of the two circles and then subtracting out their overlap. There are two methods of finding the area of overlap:
1. Consider that the area is just the quarter-circle with radius minus an isosceles right triangle with base length , and then doubled (to consider the entire overlapped area)
2. Consider that the circles can be converted into polar coordinates, and their equations are and . Using calculus with the appropriate bounds, we can compute the overlapped area.
Using either method, we compute the overlapped area to be , and so the area of the intersection of those three graphs is
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