1998 AJHSME Problems/Problem 23
Problem
If the pattern in the diagram continues, what fraction of eighth triangle would be shaded?
Solution
In each phase, all small triangles are congruent. The number of shaded triangles follows the pattern:
which is the pattern of "triangular numbers". Each time, the number is added to the previous term. Thus, the first eight terms are:
In the eighth diagram, there will be shaded triangles.
The total number of small triangles follows the pattern:
which is the pattern of "square numbers". Thus, the eighth triangle will be divided into small triangles in total.
The ratio of shaded to total triangles will be the fraction of the whole figure that's shaded, since all triangles are congruent. Thus, the answer is , and the correct choice is
See also
1998 AJHSME (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 22 |
Followed by Problem 24 | |
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