2001 AIME II Problems/Problem 3

Problem

Given that

\begin{align*}x_{1}&=211,\\ x_{2}&=375,\\ x_{3}&=420,\\ x_{4}&=523,\ \text{and}\\ x_{n}&=x_{n-1}-x_{n-2}+x_{n-3}-x_{n-4}\ \text{when}\ n\geq5, \end{align*}

find the value of $x_{531}+x_{753}+x_{975}$.

Solution

We find that $x_5 = 267$ by the recursive formula. Summing the recursions

\begin{align*} x_{n}&=x_{n-1}-x_{n-2}+x_{n-3}-x_{n-4} \\ x_{n-1}&=x_{n-2}-x_{n-3}+x_{n-4}-x_{n-5} \end{align*}

yields $x_{n} = -x_{n-5}$. Thus $x_n = (-1)^k x_{n-5k}$. Since $531 = 106 \cdot 5 + 1,\ 753 = 150 \cdot 5 + 3,\ 975 = 194 \cdot 5 + 5$, it follows that

\[x_{531} + x_{753} + x_{975} = (-1)^{106} x_1 + (-1)^{150} x_3 + (-1)^{194} x_5 = 211 + 420 + 267 = \boxed{898}.\]

See also

2001 AIME II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 2
Followed by
Problem 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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