2003 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 1

The following problem is from both the 2003 AMC 12A #1 and 2003 AMC 10A #1, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

What is the difference between the sum of the first $2003$ even counting numbers and the sum of the first $2003$ odd counting numbers?

$\mathrm{(A) \ } 0\qquad \mathrm{(B) \ } 1\qquad \mathrm{(C) \ } 2\qquad \mathrm{(D) \ } 2003\qquad \mathrm{(E) \ } 4006$

Solution

Solution 1

The first $2003$ even counting numbers are $2,4,6,...,4006$.

The first $2003$ odd counting numbers are $1,3,5,...,4005$.

Thus, the problem is asking for the value of $(2+4+6+...+4006)-(1+3+5+...+4005)$.

$(2+4+6+...+4006)-(1+3+5+...+4005) = (2-1)+(4-3)+(6-5)+...+(4006-4005)$

$= 1+1+1+...+1 = \boxed{\mathrm{(D)}\ 2003}$

Solution 2

Using the sum of an arithmetic progression formula, we can write this as $\frac{2003}{2}(2 + 4006) - \frac{2003}{2}(1 + 4005) = \frac{2003}{2} \cdot 2 = \boxed{\mathrm{(D)}\ 2003}$.


Solution 3

The formula for the sum of the first $n$ even numbers, is $S_E=n^{2}+n$, (E standing for even).

Sum of first $n$ odd numbers, is $S_O=n^{2}$, (O standing for odd).

Knowing this, plug $2003$ for $n$,

$S_E-S_O= (2003^{2}+2003)-(2003^{2})=2003 \Rightarrow$ $\boxed{\mathrm{(D)}\ 2003}$.

Solution 4

In the case that we don't know if $0$ is considered an even number, we note that it doesn't matter! The sum of odd numbers is $O=1+3+5+...+4005$. And the sum of even numbers is either $E_1=0+2+4...+4004$ or $E_2=2+4+6+...+4006$. When compared to the sum of odd numbers, we see that each of the $n$th term in the series of even numbers differ by $1$. For example, take series $O$ and $E_1$. The first terms are $1$ and $0$. Their difference is $|1-0|=1$. Similarly, take take series $O$ and $E_2$. The first terms are $1$ and $2$. Their difference is $|1-2|=1$. Since there are $2003$ terms in each set, the answer $\boxed{\mathrm{(D)}\ 2003}$.

Solution by franzliszt

See also

2003 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
First Question
Followed by
Problem 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
2003 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
First Question
Followed by
Problem 2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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