# 2003 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 16

## Problem

Ali, Bonnie, Carlo, and Dianna are going to drive together to a nearby theme park. The car they are using has $4$ seats: $1$ Driver seat, $1$ front passenger seat, and $2$ back passenger seat. Bonnie and Carlo are the only ones who know how to drive the car. How many possible seating arrangements are there?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 4\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 6\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 12\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 24$

## Solution

There are only $2$ people who can go in the driver's seat--Bonnie and Carlo. Any of the $3$ remaining people can go in the front passenger seat. There are $2$ people who can go in the first back passenger seat, and the remaining person must go in the last seat. Thus, there are $2\cdot3\cdot2$ or $12$ ways. The answer is then $\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 12}$.

## Solution 2 (Quick)

If there weren't any extra requirements, there would be 24 combinations. However, there are only 2, which is half of 4, ways to put the people. Therefore, half of 24 is $\boxed{\textbf{(D)}\ 12}$.

Solution by ILoveMath31415926535

## Video Solution

https://youtu.be/GeAxPKwsL5E Soo, DRMS, NM