2006 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 21

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Problem

Rectangle $ABCD$ has area $2006$. An ellipse with area $2006\pi$ passes through $A$ and $C$ and has foci at $B$ and $D$. What is the perimeter of the rectangle? (The area of an ellipse is $ab\pi$ where $2a$ and $2b$ are the lengths of the axes.)

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \frac {16\sqrt {2006}}{\pi} \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ \frac {1003}4 \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 8\sqrt {1003} \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 6\sqrt {2006} \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ \frac {32\sqrt {1003}}\pi$

Solution

[asy] size(7cm);  real l=10, w=7, ang=asin(w/sqrt(l*l+w*w))*180/pi;  draw((-l,-w)--(l,-w)--(l,w)--(-l,w)--cycle); draw(rotate(ang)*ellipse((0,0),2*l+2*w,l*w*2/sqrt(l^2+w^2)));  draw(rotate(ang)*((0,0)--(2l+2w,0)),red); draw(rotate(ang+90)*((0,0)--(l*w*2/sqrt(l^2+w^2),0)),red);  label("$A$",(-l,w),NW); label("$B$",(-l,-w),SW); label("$C$",(l,-w),SE); label("$D$",(l,w),SE); // Made by chezbgone2 [/asy]

Let the rectangle have side lengths $l$ and $w$. Let the axis of the ellipse on which the foci lie have length $2a$, and let the other axis have length $2b$. We have \[lw=ab=2006\] From the definition of an ellipse, $l+w=2a\Longrightarrow \frac{l+w}{2}=a$. Also, the diagonal of the rectangle has length $\sqrt{l^2+w^2}$. Comparing the lengths of the axes and the distance from the foci to the center, we have \[a^2=\frac{l^2+w^2}{4}+b^2\Longrightarrow \frac{l^2+2lw+w^2}{4}=\frac{l^2+w^2}{4}+b^2\Longrightarrow \frac{lw}{2}=b^2\Longrightarrow b=\sqrt{1003}\] Since $ab=2006$, we now know $a\sqrt{1003}=2006\Longrightarrow a=2\sqrt{1003}$ and because $a=\frac{l+w}{2}$, or one-fourth of the rectangle's perimeter, we multiply by four to get an answer of $\boxed{8\sqrt{1003}}$.

See also

2006 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 20
Followed by
Problem 22
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All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

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