2006 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 9

Problem

How many even three-digit integers have the property that their digits, read left to right, are in strictly increasing order?

$\text {(A) } 21 \qquad \text {(B) } 34 \qquad \text {(C) } 51 \qquad \text {(D) } 72 \qquad \text {(E) } 150$

Solution

Solution 1

Let's set the middle (tens) digit first. The middle digit can be anything from 2-7 (If it was 1 we would have the hundreds digit to be 0, if it was more than 7, the ones digit cannot be even).

If it was 2, there is 1 possibility for the hundreds digit, 3 for the ones digit. If it was 3, there are 2 possibilities for the hundreds digit, 3 for the ones digit. If it was 4, there are 3 possibilities for the hundreds digit, and 2 for the ones digit,

and so on.

So, the answer is $3(1+2)+2(3+4)+1(5+6)=\boxed{34} \Rightarrow B$.

Solution 2

The last digit is 4, 6, or 8.

If the last digit is $x$, the possibilities for the first two digits correspond to 2-element subsets of $\{1,2,\dots,x-1\}$.

Thus the answer is ${3\choose 2} + {5\choose 2} + {7\choose 2} = 3 + 10 + 21 = 34$.

Solution 3

The answer must be half of a triangular number (evens and decreasing/increasing) so $\boxed{34}$ or B. -zoevv

See also

2006 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 8
Followed by
Problem 10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS