# 2006 Cyprus MO/Lyceum/Problem 18

## Problem $K(k,0)$ is the minimum point of the parabola and the parabola intersects the y-axis at the point $\Gamma (0,k)$. If the area if the rectangle $OAB\Gamma$ is $8$, then the equation of the parabola is $\mathrm{(A)}\ y=\frac{1}{2}(x+2)^2\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ y=\frac{1}{2}(x-2)^2\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ y=x^2+2\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ y=x^2-2x+1\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ y=x^2-4x+4$

## Solution

Since the parabola is symmetric about the line $x = k$, $B$ has coordinates $(2k,k)$. The area of the rectangle is $k \cdot 2k = 8 \Longrightarrow k = 2$, so the vertex is at $(2,0)$.

Thus, the equation of the parabola is $y = a(x-2)^2$. Plugging in point $(0,2)$, we find $a = \frac{1}{2}$, and the answer is $\mathrm{B}$.

## See also

 2006 Cyprus MO, Lyceum (Problems) Preceded byProblem 17 Followed byProblem 19 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 • 26 • 27 • 28 • 29 • 30
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