# 2008 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 18

## Problem

Triangle $ABC$, with sides of length $5$, $6$, and $7$, has one vertex on the positive $x$-axis, one on the positive $y$-axis, and one on the positive $z$-axis. Let $O$ be the origin. What is the volume of tetrahedron $OABC$? $\mathrm{(A)}\ \sqrt{85}\qquad\mathrm{(B)}\ \sqrt{90}\qquad\mathrm{(C)}\ \sqrt{95}\qquad\mathrm{(D)}\ 10\qquad\mathrm{(E)}\ \sqrt{105}$

## Solution $[asy] defaultpen(fontsize(8)); draw((0,10)--(0,0)--(8,0));draw((-3,-4)--(0,0));draw((0,10)--(-3,-4)--(8,0)--cycle); label("A",(8,0),(1,0));label("B",(0,10),(0,1));label("C",(-3,-4),(-1,-1));label("O",(0,0),(1,1)); label("a",(4,0),(0,1));label("b",(0,5),(1,0));label("c",(-1.5,-2),(1,0)); label("5",(4,5),(1,1));label("6",(-1.5,3),(-1,0));label("7",(2.5,-2),(1,-1)); [/asy]$

Without loss of generality, let $A$ be on the $x$ axis, $B$ be on the $y$ axis, and $C$ be on the $z$ axis, and let $AB, BC, CA$ have respective lengths of 5, 6, and 7. Let $a,b,c$ denote the lengths of segments $OA,OB,OC,$ respectively. Then by the Pythagorean Theorem, \begin{align*} a^2+b^2 &=5^2 , \\ b^2+c^2&=6^2, \\ c^2+a^2 &=7^2 , \end{align*} so $a^2 = (5^2+7^2-6^2)/2 = 19$; similarly, $b^2 = 6$ and $c^2 = 30$. Since $OA$, $OB$, and $OC$ are mutually perpendicular, the tetrahedron's volume is $$abc/6$$ because we can consider the tetrahedron to be a right triangular pyramid. $$abc/6 = \sqrt{a^2b^2c^2}/6 = \frac{\sqrt{19 \cdot 6 \cdot 30}}{6} = \sqrt{95},$$ which is answer choice $\boxed{\text{C}}$.

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