2009 AIME I Problems/Problem 5
Triangle has and . Points and are located on and respectively so that , and is the angle bisector of angle . Let be the point of intersection of and , and let be the point on line for which is the midpoint of . If , find .
Since is the midpoint of and , quadrilateral is a parallelogram, which implies and is similar to
Now let's apply the angle bisector theorem.
Using the diagram above, we can solve this problem by using mass points. By angle bisector theorem: So, we can weight as and as and as . Since is the midpoint of and , the weight of is equal to the weight of , which equals . Also, since the weight of is and is , we can weight as .
By the definition of mass points, By vertical angles, angle angle . Also, it is given that and .
By the SAS congruence, = . So, = = . Since ,
Solution 3 (Law of Cosines Bash)
Using the diagram from solution , we can also utilize the fact that forms a parallelogram. Because of that, we know that .
Applying the angle bisector theorem to , we get that So, we can let and .
Now, apply law of cosines on and
If we let , then the law of cosines gives the following system of equations:
Bashing those out, we get that and
Since , we can use the double angle formula to calculate that
Now, apply Law of Cosines on to find .
From the angle bisector theorem on , we know that So, and
Now, we apply Law of Cosines on and in order to solve for the length of .
We get the following system:
The first equation gives or and the second gives or .
The only value that satisfies both equations is , and since , we have
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