2010 AIME I Problems/Problem 2

Problem

Find the remainder when $9 \times 99 \times 999 \times \cdots \times \underbrace{99\cdots9}_{\text{999 9's}}$ is divided by $1000$.

Solution

Note that $999\equiv 9999\equiv\dots \equiv\underbrace{99\cdots9}_{\text{999 9's}}\equiv -1 \pmod{1000}$ (see modular arithmetic). That is a total of $999 - 3 + 1 = 997$ integers, so all those integers multiplied out are congruent to $- 1\pmod{1000}$. Thus, the entire expression is congruent to $( - 1)(9)(99) = - 891\equiv\boxed{109}\pmod{1000}$.

See Also

2010 AIME I (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 1
Followed by
Problem 3
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All AIME Problems and Solutions

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