# 2010 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 2

## Problem 2

Four identical squares and one rectangle are placed together to form one large square as shown. The length of the rectangle is how many times as large as its width?

$[asy] unitsize(8mm); defaultpen(linewidth(.8pt)); draw((0,0)--(4,0)--(4,4)--(0,4)--cycle); draw((0,3)--(0,4)--(1,4)--(1,3)--cycle); draw((1,3)--(1,4)--(2,4)--(2,3)--cycle); draw((2,3)--(2,4)--(3,4)--(3,3)--cycle); draw((3,3)--(3,4)--(4,4)--(4,3)--cycle); [/asy]$

$\mathrm{(A)}\ \dfrac{5}{4} \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ \dfrac{4}{3} \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ \dfrac{3}{2} \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 2 \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 3$

## Solution 1

Let the length of the small square be $x$, intuitively, the length of the big square is $4x$. It can be seen that the width of the rectangle is $3x$. Thus, the length of the rectangle is $4x/3x = 4/3$ times as large as the width. The answer is $\boxed{B}$.

## Solution 2

We can say the area of one small square is $x^2$, so $\dfrac{1}{4}$ of the area of the large square is $4x^2$ so the area of the large square is $16x^2$, so each side is $4x$ so the length of the rectangle is $4x$ and the width of the rectangle is $4x-x=3x$ so $\dfrac{4x}{3x}=\dfrac{4}{3}$

## Solution 3

Let the side length of one of the squares equal $1$. Then, the width of the rectangle will be $4$, and since the width of the rectangle is the same as the length of the entire shape, the length of the rectangle is $4 - 1 = 3$. The ratio between the two is therefore $\frac{4}{3}$ , so our answer is $\boxed{B}$.