2010 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 10

The following problem is from both the 2010 AMC 12B #10 and 2010 AMC 10B #14, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem 10

The average of the numbers $1, 2, 3,\cdots, 98, 99,$ and $x$ is $100x$. What is $x$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ \dfrac{49}{101} \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \dfrac{50}{101} \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \dfrac{1}{2} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \dfrac{51}{101} \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \dfrac{50}{99}$

Solution

We first sum the first $99$ numbers: $\frac{99(100)}{2}=99\cdot50$. Then, we know that the sum of the series is $99\cdot50+x$. There are $100$ terms, so we can divide this sum by $100$ and set it equal to $100x$: \[\frac{99\cdot50+x}{100}=100x \Rightarrow 99\cdot50=100^2x-x\Rightarrow \frac{99\cdot50}{100^2-1}=x\] Using difference of squares: \[x=\frac{99\cdot50}{101\cdot99}=\frac{50}{101}\] Thus, the answer is $\boxed{\text{B}}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/vYXz4wStBUU?t=413

~IceMatrix

See also

2010 AMC 12B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 9
Followed by
Problem 11
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
2010 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 13
Followed by
Problem 15
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS