2011 USAJMO Problems
Find, with proof, all positive integers for which is a perfect square.
Let , , be positive real numbers such that . Prove that
For a point in the coordinate plane, let denote the line passing through with slope . Consider the set of triangles with vertices of the form , , , such that the intersections of the lines , , form an equilateral triangle . Find the locus of the center of as ranges over all such triangles.
A word is defined as any finite string of letters. A word is a palindrome if it reads the same backwards as forwards. Let a sequence of words , , , be defined as follows: , , and for , is the word formed by writing followed by . Prove that for any , the word formed by writing , , , in succession is a palindrome.
Points , , , , lie on a circle and point lies outside the circle. The given points are such that (i) lines and are tangent to , (ii) , , are collinear, and (iii) . Prove that bisects .
Consider the assertion that for each positive integer , the remainder upon dividing by is a power of 4. Either prove the assertion or find (with proof) a counterexample.