2012 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 16
Contents
Problem
Circle has its center lying on circle . The two circles meet at and . Point in the exterior of lies on circle and , , and . What is the radius of circle ?
Solution 1
Let denote the radius of circle . Note that quadrilateral is cyclic. By Ptolemy's Theorem, we have and . Let t be the measure of angle . Since , the law of cosines on triangle gives us . Again since is cyclic, the measure of angle . We apply the law of cosines to triangle so that . Since we obtain . But so that . .
Solution 2
Let us call the the radius of circle , and the radius of . Consider and . Both of these triangles have the same circumcircle (). From the Extended Law of Sines, we see that . Therefore, . We will now apply the Law of Cosines to and and get the equations
,
,
respectively. Because , this is a system of two equations and two variables. Solving for gives . .
Solution 3
Let denote the radius of circle . Note that quadrilateral is cyclic. By Ptolemy's Theorem, we have and . Consider isosceles triangle . Pulling an altitude to from , we obtain . Since quadrilateral is cyclic, we have , so . Applying the Law of Cosines to triangle , we obtain . Solving gives . .
-Solution by thecmd999
Solution 4
Let . Consider an inversion about . So, . Using .
-Solution by IDMasterz
Solution 5
Notice that as they subtend arcs of the same length. Let be the point of intersection of and . We now have and . Furthermore, notice that is isosceles, thus the altitude from to bisects at point above. By the Pythagorean Theorem, Thus,
Solution 6
Use the diagram above. Notice that as they subtend arcs of the same length. Let be the point of intersection of and . We now have and . Consider the power of point with respect to Circle we have which gives
Solution 7 (Only Law of Cosines)
Note that and are the same length, which is also the radius we want. Using the law of cosines on , we have , where is the angle formed by . Since and are supplementary, . Using the law of cosines on , . As , . Solving for theta on the first equation and substituting gives . Solving for R gives .
See Also
2012 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 15 |
Followed by Problem 17 |
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