2013 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 16

Problem

In triangle $ABC$, medians $AD$ and $CE$ intersect at $P$, $PE=1.5$, $PD=2$, and $DE=2.5$. What is the area of $AEDC$?

$\qquad\textbf{(A) }13\qquad\textbf{(B) }13.5\qquad\textbf{(C) }14\qquad\textbf{(D) }14.5\qquad\textbf{(E) }15$ [asy] pair A,B,C,D,E,P; A=(0,0); B=(80,0); C=(20,40); D=(50,20); E=(40,0); P=(33.3,13.3); draw(A--B); draw(B--C); draw(A--C); draw(C--E); draw(A--D); draw(D--E); dot(A); dot(B); dot(C); dot(D); dot(E); dot(P); label("A",A,NNW); label("B",B,NNE); label("C",C,ENE); label("D",D,ESE); label("E",E,SSE); label("P",P,SSE); [/asy]


Solution 1

Let us use mass points: Assign $B$ mass $1$. Thus, because $E$ is the midpoint of $AB$, $A$ also has a mass of $1$. Similarly, $C$ has a mass of $1$. $D$ and $E$ each have a mass of $2$ because they are between $B$ and $C$ and $A$ and $B$ respectively. Note that the mass of $D$ is twice the mass of $A$, so AP must be twice as long as $PD$. PD has length $2$, so $AP$ has length $4$ and $AD$ has length $6$. Similarly, $CP$ is twice $PE$ and $PE=1.5$, so $CP=3$ and $CE=4.5$. Now note that triangle $PED$ is a $3-4-5$ right triangle with the right angle $DPE$. Since the diagonals of quadrilaterals $AEDC$, $AD$ and $CE$, are perpendicular, the area of $AEDC$ is $\frac{6 \times 4.5}{2}=\boxed{\textbf{(B)} 13.5}$

Solution 2

Note that triangle $DPE$ is a right triangle, and that the four angles (angles $APC, CPD, DPE,$ and $EPA$) that have point $P$ are all right angles. Using the fact that the centroid ($P$) divides each median in a $2:1$ ratio, $AP=4$ and $CP=3$. Quadrilateral $AEDC$ is now just four right triangles. The area is $\frac{4\cdot 1.5+4\cdot 3+3\cdot 2+2\cdot 1.5}{2}=\boxed{\textbf{(B)} 13.5}$

Solution 3

From the solution above, we can find that the lengths of the diagonals are $6$ and $4.5$. Now, since the diagonals of AEDC are perpendicular, we use the area formula to find that the total area is $\frac{6\times4.5}{2} = \frac{27}{2} = 13.5 = \boxed{\textbf{(B)} 13.5}$

Solution 4

From the solutions above, we know that the sides CP and AP are 3 and 4 respectively because of the properties of medians that divide cevians into 1:2 ratios. We can then proceed to use the heron's formula on the middle triangle EPD and get the area of EPD as 3/2, (its simple computation really, nothing large). Then we can find the areas of the remaining triangles based on side and ratio length of the bases.

Solution 5

We know that $[AEDC]=\frac{3}{4}[ABC]$, and $[ABC]=3[PAC]$ using median properties. So Now we try to find $[PAC]$. Since $\triangle PAC\sim \triangle PDE$, then the side lengths of $\triangle PAC$ are twice as long as $\triangle PDE$ since $D$ and $E$ are midpoints. Therefore, $\frac{[PAC]}{[PDE]}=2^2=4$. It suffices to compute $[PDE]$. Notice that $(1.5, 2, 2.5)$ is a Pythagorean Triple, so $[PDE]=\frac{1.5\times 2}{2}=1.5$. This implies $[PAC]=1.5\cdot 4=6$, and then $[ABC]=3\cdot 6=18$. Finally, $[AEDC]=\frac{3}{4}\times 18=\boxed{13.5}$.

~CoolJupiter

See also

2013 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 15
Followed by
Problem 17
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All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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