2014 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 22
Contents
Problem
In rectangle , and . Let be a point on such that . What is ?
Solution 1 (Trigonometry)
Note that . (If you do not know the tangent half-angle formula, it is ). Therefore, we have . Since is a triangle,
Solution 2 (No Trigonometry)
Let be a point on line such that points and are distinct and that . By the angle bisector theorem, . Since is a right triangle, and . Additionally, Now, substituting in the obtained values, we get and . Substituting the first equation into the second yields , so . Because is a triangle, .
~edited by dolphin7
Solution 3 Quick Construction (No Trigonometry)
Reflect over line segment . Let the point be the point where the right angle is of our newly reflected triangle. By subtracting to find , we see that is a right triangle. By using complementary angles once more, we can see that is a angle, and we've found that is a right triangle. From here, we can use the properties of a right triangle to see that
Solution 4 (No Trigonometry)
Let be a point on such that . Then Since , is isosceles.
Let . Since is , we have
Since is isosceles, we have . Since , we have Thus and .
Finally, by the Pythagorean Theorem, we have
~ Solution by Nafer
~ Edited by TheBeast5520
Note from williamgolly: When you find DE, note how ADE is congruent to a 30-60-90 triangle and you can easily find AE from there
Solution 5(15-75-90 Triangle)
We notice a 15-75-90 triangle on . Implying the formula, we will continue as follows to get . ~mathboy282
Note
Some people may not know this relationship; and this method is only for those who know it. If you do not know this relationship I highly suggest NOT using this solution and/or searching it up. Here it one https://www.quora.com/What-are-the-side-relationships-of-a-15-75-90-triangle
Video Solution by Richard Rusczyk
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=-GBvCLSfTuo
See Also
2014 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 21 |
Followed by Problem 23 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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