2014 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 7

Problem

Nonzero real numbers $x$, $y$, $a$, and $b$ satisfy $x < a$ and $y < b$. How many of the following inequalities must be true?

$\textbf{(I)}\ x+y < a+b\qquad$

$\textbf{(II)}\ x-y < a-b\qquad$

$\textbf{(III)}\ xy < ab\qquad$

$\textbf{(IV)}\ \frac{x}{y} < \frac{a}{b}$

$\textbf{(A)}\ 0\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 1\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 2\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 3\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 4$

Solution

First, we note that $\textbf{(I)}$ must be true by adding our two original inequalities. \[x<a, y<b\] \[\implies x+y<a+b\]

Though one may be inclined to think that $\textbf{(II)}$ must also be true, it is not, for we cannot subtract inequalities.

In order to prove that the other inequalities are false, we only need to provide one counterexample. Let's try substituting \[x=-3,y=-2,a=1,b=1\].


$\textbf{(III)}$ states that $xy<ab \implies (-3)(-2)<1\cdot 1 \implies 6<1$. This is also false, thus $\textbf{(III)}$ is false.

$\textbf{(IV)}$ states that $\frac{x}{y}<\frac{a}{b} \implies \frac{-3}{-2}<\frac{1}{1}\implies 1.5<1$. This is false, so $\textbf{(IV)}$ is false.

One of our four inequalities is true, hence, our answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(B) 1}}$

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/0QeqCeojr6Q

~savannahsolver

See Also

2014 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 6
Followed by
Problem 8
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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