2014 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 15

Problem

The circumference of the circle with center $O$ is divided into $12$ equal arcs, marked the letters $A$ through $L$ as seen below. What is the number of degrees in the sum of the angles $x$ and $y$?

[asy] size(230); defaultpen(linewidth(0.65)); pair O=origin; pair[] circum = new pair[12]; string[] let = {"$A$","$B$","$C$","$D$","$E$","$F$","$G$","$H$","$I$","$J$","$K$","$L$"}; draw(unitcircle); for(int i=0;i<=11;i=i+1) { circum[i]=dir(120-30*i); dot(circum[i],linewidth(2.5)); label(let[i],circum[i],2*dir(circum[i])); } draw(O--circum[4]--circum[0]--circum[6]--circum[8]--cycle); label("$x$",circum[0],2.75*(dir(circum[0]--circum[4])+dir(circum[0]--circum[6]))); label("$y$",circum[6],1.75*(dir(circum[6]--circum[0])+dir(circum[6]--circum[8]))); label("$O$",O,dir(60)); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) }75\qquad\textbf{(B) }80\qquad\textbf{(C) }90\qquad\textbf{(D) }120\qquad\textbf{(E) }150$

Video Solution

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qseG63LK4AU

https://youtu.be/aZhjhb3mMfg ~savannahsolver

Solution

For this problem, it is useful to know that the measure of an inscribed angle is half the measure of its corresponding central angle. Since each unit arc is $\frac{1}{12}$ of the circle's circumference, each unit central angle measures $\left( \frac{360}{12} \right) ^{\circ}=30^{\circ}$. Then, we know that the central angle of x = 60, so inscribed angle = 30. Also, central angle of y = 120, so inscirbed angle = 60. Summing both inscribed angles gives 30 + 60 = 90.

See Also

2014 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 14
Followed by
Problem 16
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS