2014 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 23

Problem

Three members of the Euclid Middle School girls' softball team had the following conversation.

Ashley: I just realized that our uniform numbers are all $2$-digit primes.

Brittany : And the sum of your two uniform numbers is the date of my birthday earlier this month.

Caitlin: That's funny. The sum of your two uniform numbers is the date of my birthday later this month.

Ashley: And the sum of your two uniform numbers is today's date.

What number does Caitlin wear?

$\textbf{(A) }11\qquad\textbf{(B) }13\qquad\textbf{(C) }17\qquad\textbf{(D) }19\qquad \textbf{(E) }23$

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/6xNkyDgIhEE?t=735

Solution

The maximum amount of days any given month can have is $31$, and the smallest two digit primes are $11, 13,$ and $17$. There are a few different sums that can be deduced from the following numbers, which are $24, 30,$ and $28$, all of which represent the three days. Therefore, since Brittany says that the other two people's uniform numbers are earlier, so that means Caitlin and Ashley's numbers must add up to $24$. Similarly, Caitlin says that the other two people's uniform numbers is later, so the sum must add up to $30$. This leaves $28$ as today's date. From this, Caitlin was referring to the uniform wearers $13$ and $17$, telling us that her number is $11$, giving our solution as $\boxed{(A)=11}$.

See Also

2014 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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