2016 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 1

Problem

What is the value of $\dfrac{11!-10!}{9!}$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 99\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 100\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 110\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 121\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 132$

Solution 1

We can use subtraction of fractions to get $$\frac{11!-10!}{9!} = \frac{11!}{9!} - \frac{10!}{9!} = 110 -10 = \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\;100}.$$

Solution 2

Factoring out $9!$ gives $\frac{11!-10!}{9!} = \frac{9!(11 \cdot 10 - 10)}{9!} = 110-10=\boxed{\textbf{(B)}~100}$.

Solution 3

$\dfrac{11!-10!}{9!}$ consider 10 as n $\dfrac{(n+1)!-n!}{(n-1)!}$ simpify $\dfrac{(n+1)n!-(-1)n!}{(n-1)!}$ = $\dfrac{n(n!)}{(n-1)!}$ = $\dfrac{n(n(n-1)!)}{(n-1)!}$ = $\dfrac{n(n)(1)}{(1}$ = $\dfrac{n^2}{1}$ subsitute n as 10 again $\dfrac{10^2}{1}$

answer is $10^2$ which is 100

Solution 4

We are given the equation $\frac{11!-10!}{9!}$

This is equivalent to $\frac{11(10!) - 1(10!)}{9!}$ Simplifying, we get $\frac{(11-1)(10!)}{9!}$, which equals $10 \cdot 10$.

Therefore, the answer is $10^2$ = $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}~100}$.

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 2016 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byFirst Problem Followed byProblem 2 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions
 2016 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byFirst Problem Followed byProblem 2 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions