2017 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 1

Problem

What is the value of $(2(2(2(2(2(2+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)$?

$\textbf{(A)}\ 70\qquad\textbf{(B)}\ 97\qquad\textbf{(C)}\ 127\qquad\textbf{(D)}\ 159\qquad\textbf{(E)}\ 729$

Solution 1

Notice this is the term $a_6$ in a recursive sequence, defined recursively as $a_1 = 3, a_n = 2a_{n-1} + 1.$ Thus: $$\begin{split} a_2 = 3 \cdot 2 + 1 = 7.\\ a_3 = 7 \cdot 2 + 1 = 15.\\ a_4 = 15 \cdot 2 + 1 = 31.\\ a_5 = 31 \cdot 2 + 1 = 63.\\ a_6 = 63 \cdot 2 + 1 = \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127} \end{split}$$

Minor LaTeX edits by fasterthanlight

Solution 2

Starting to compute the inner expressions, we see the results are $1, 3, 7, 15, \ldots$. This is always $1$ less than a power of $2$. The only admissible answer choice by this rule is thus $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127}$.

Solution 3

Working our way from the innermost parenthesis outwards and directly computing, we have $\boxed{\textbf{(C) } 127}$.

Solution 4

If you distribute this you get a sum of the powers of $2$. The largest power of $2$ in the series is $64$, so the sum is $\boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127}$.

Solution 5

$(2(2(2(2(2(2+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)$ $=(2(2(2(2(2(3)+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)$ $=(2(2(2(2(6+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)$ $=(2(2(2(2(7)+1)+1)+1)+1)$ $=(2(2(2(14+1)+1)+1)+1)$ $=(2(2(2(15)+1)+1)+1)$ $=(2(2(30+1)+1)+1)$ $=(2(2(31)+1)+1)$ $=(2(62+1)+1)$ $=(2(63)+1)$ $=(126+1)$ $=127 \Longrightarrow \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127}$.

Solution 6 (quickest)

Notice that $x^6 + x^5 + x^4 + x^3 + x^2 + x + 1 = x (x (x (x (x (x + 1) + 1) + 1) + 1) + 1) + 1$. Substituting $2$ for $x$, we get $$2(2(2(2(2(2+1)+1)+1)+1)+1)+1 = 2^6 + 2^5 + 2^4 + 2^3 + 2^2 + 2 + 1 = 2^7 - 1 \Longrightarrow \boxed{\textbf{(C)}\ 127}$$

~savannahsolver