2017 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 8
Problem
At a gathering of people, there are people who all know each other and people who know no one. People who know each other hug, and people who do not know each other shake hands. How many handshakes occur within the group?
Solution 1
Each one of the ten people has to shake hands with all the other people they don’t know. So . From there, we calculate how many handshakes occurred between the people who don’t know each other. This is simply counting how many ways to choose two people to shake hands, or . Thus the answer is .
Solution 2
We can also use complementary counting. First of all, handshakes or hugs occur. Then, if we can find the number of hugs, then we can subtract it from to find the handshakes. Hugs only happen between the 20 people who know each other, so there are hugs. .
Solution 3
We can focus on how many handshakes the 10 people get.
The 1st person gets 29 handshakes.
2nd gets 28
......
And the 10th receives 20 handshakes.
We can write this as the sum of an arithmetic sequence.
Therefore, the answer is
See Also
2017 AMC 10A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 7 |
Followed by Problem 9 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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