2018 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 2
Problem
While exploring a cave, Carl comes across a collection of -pound rocks worth each, -pound rocks worth each, and -pound rocks worth each. There are at least of each size. He can carry at most pounds. What is the maximum value, in dollars, of the rocks he can carry out of the cave?
Solution 1
Since each rock costs 1 dollar less that three times is weight, the answer is just minus the minimum number of rocks we need to make pounds, or
Solution 2
The ratio of dollar per pound is greatest for the pound rock, then the pound, lastly the pound. So we should take two pound rocks and two pound rocks. Total weight: ~steakfails
Solution 3
Intuitively you might want to find a solution that has the greatest number of pound rocks--that is, three pound rocks and three pound rocks. However, we find that there is a better way: To have only two pound rocks and two pound rocks would be much better. So we have + =
See Also
2018 AMC 12A (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | |
Preceded by Problem 1 |
Followed by Problem 3 |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | |
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions |
The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions.