2018 UNCO Math Contest II Problems/Problem 3

Problem

Find all values of $B$ that have the property that if $(x, y)$ lies on the hyperbola $2y^2-x^2 = 1$, then so does the point $(3x + 4y, 2x + By)$.

Solution 1

We can write a system of equations - \[2y^2-x^2 = 1\] \[2(2x + By)^2 - (3x+4y)^2 = 1\]

Expanding the second equation, we get $-x^2+8Bxy-24xy+2B^2y^2-16y^2=1$.

Since we want this to look like $2y^2-x^2=1$, we plug in B's that would put it into that form. If we plug in $B=3$, things cancel, and we get $-x^2+24xy-24xy+18y^2-16y^2=1 \rightarrow 2y^2-x^2=1$. So $\boxed{B=3}$ ~Ultraman

Solution 2 (Grinding)

As with Solution 1, we create a system of equations. \[2y^2-x^2 = 1\] \[2(2x + By)^2 - (3x+4y)^2 = 1\]

Through expanding the second equation, we get $-x^2+8Bxy-24xy+2B^2y^2-16y^2 = 1$. Since $2y^2-x^2 = 1$, we have \[-x^2+8Bxy-24xy+2B^2y^2-16y^2 = 2y^2-x^2\] The $-x^2$ terms on each side cancel out, so the equation becomes \[(8B-24)xy + (2B^2-16)y^2 = 2y^2\] The coefficient of $xy$ on the RHS is $0$ and the coefficient of $y^2$ is $2$. From these two observations, we now create two new equations. \[8B-24 = 0\] \[2B^2-16 = 2\] Solving either equation and then checking with the other will reveal that $\boxed{B=3}$. ~kingme271

See also

2018 UNCO Math Contest II (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 2
Followed by
Problem 4
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
All UNCO Math Contest Problems and Solutions
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