2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 11

Problem

After school, Maya and Naomi headed to the beach, $6$ miles away. Maya decided to bike while Naomi took a bus. The graph below shows their journeys, indicating the time and distance traveled. What was the difference, in miles per hour, between Naomi's and Maya's average speeds?

[asy] unitsize(1.25cm); dotfactor = 10; pen shortdashed=linetype(new real[] {2.7,2.7});  for (int i = 0; i < 6; ++i) {     for (int j = 0; j < 6; ++j) {         draw((i,0)--(i,6), grey);         draw((0,j)--(6,j), grey);     } }  for (int i = 1; i <= 6; ++i) {     draw((-0.1,i)--(0.1,i),linewidth(1.25));     draw((i,-0.1)--(i,0.1),linewidth(1.25));     label(string(5*i), (i,0), 2*S);     label(string(i), (0, i), 2*W);  }  draw((0,0)--(0,6)--(6,6)--(6,0)--(0,0)--cycle,linewidth(1.25));  label(rotate(90) * "Distance (miles)", (-0.5,3), W); label("Time (minutes)", (3,-0.5), S);  dot("Naomi", (2,6), 3*dir(305)); dot((6,6));  label("Maya", (4.45,3.5));  draw((0,0)--(1.15,1.3)--(1.55,1.3)--(3.15,3.2)--(3.65,3.2)--(5.2,5.2)--(5.4,5.2)--(6,6),linewidth(1.35)); draw((0,0)--(0.4,0.1)--(1.15,3.7)--(1.6,3.7)--(2,6),linewidth(1.35)+shortdashed); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) }6 \qquad \textbf{(B) }12 \qquad \textbf{(C) }18 \qquad \textbf{(D) }20 \qquad \textbf{(E) }24$

Solution 1

Naomi travels $6$ miles in a time of $10$ minutes, which is equivalent to $\dfrac{1}{6}$ of an hour. Since $\text{speed} = \frac{\text{distance}}{\text{time}}$, her speed is $\frac{6}{\left(\frac{1}{6}\right)} = 36$ mph. By a similar calculation, Maya's speed is $12$ mph, so the answer is $36-12 = \boxed{\textbf{(E) }24}$.

Solution 2 (variant of Solution 1)

Naomi's speed of $6$ miles in $10$ minutes is equivalent to $6 \cdot 6 = 36$ miles per hour, while Maya's speed of $6$ miles in $30$ minutes (i.e. half an hour) is equivalent to $6 \cdot 2 = 12$ miles per hour. The difference is consequently $36-12=\boxed{\textbf{(E) }24}$.

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/xjwDsaRE_Wo

See also

2020 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 10
Followed by
Problem 12
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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