2020 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 14

Problem

There are $20$ cities in the County of Newton. Their populations are shown in the bar chart below. The average population of all the cities is indicated by the horizontal dashed line. Which of the following is closest to the total population of all $20$ cities?

[asy] size(300);  pen shortdashed=linetype(new real[] {6,6});  // axis draw((0,0)--(0,9300), linewidth(1.25)); draw((0,0)--(11550,0), linewidth(1.25));  for (int i = 2000; i < 9000; i = i + 2000) {     draw((0,i)--(11550,i), linewidth(0.5)+1.5*grey);     label(string(i), (0,i), W); }   for (int i = 500; i < 9300; i=i+500) {     draw((0,i)--(150,i),linewidth(1.25));     if (i % 2000 == 0) {         draw((0,i)--(250,i),linewidth(1.25));     } }  int[] data = {8750, 3800, 5000, 2900, 6400, 7500, 4100, 1400, 2600, 1470, 2600, 7100, 4070, 7500, 7000, 8100, 1900, 1600, 5850, 5750}; int data_length = 20;  int r = 550; for (int i = 0; i < data_length; ++i) {     fill(((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100,0)--cycle, 1.5*grey);     draw(((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+1)*r,0)--((i+1)*r, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100, data[i])--((i+2)*r-100,0)); }  draw((0,4750)--(11450,4750),shortdashed);  label("Cities", (11450*0.5,0), S); label(rotate(90)*"Population", (0,9000*0.5), 10*W); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) }65{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(B) }75{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(C) }85{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(D) }95{,}000 \qquad \textbf{(E) }105{,}000$

Solution

We can see that the dotted line is exactly halfway between $4{,}500$ and $5{,}000$, so it is at $4{,}750$. As this is the average population of all $20$ cities, the total population is simply $4{,}750 \cdot 20 = \boxed{\textbf{(D) }95{,}000}$.

Video Solution by North America Math Contest Go Go Go

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IqoLKBx20dQ

~North America Math Contest Go Go Go

Video Solution by WhyMath

https://youtu.be/5y4uDwZEF0M

~savannahsolver

Video Solution

https://youtu.be/xjwDsaRE_Wo

Video Solution by Interstigation

https://youtu.be/YnwkBZTv5Fw?t=608

~Interstigation

See also

2020 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 13
Followed by
Problem 15
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All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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