2020 USAMO Problems/Problem 2
An empty cube is given, and a grid of square unit cells is drawn on each of its six faces. A beam is a rectangular prism. Several beams are placed inside the cube subject to the following conditions:
- The two faces of each beam coincide with unit cells lying on opposite faces of the cube. (Hence, there are possible positions for a beam.)
- No two beams have intersecting interiors.
- The interiors of each of the four faces of each beam touch either a face of the cube or the interior of the face of another beam.
What is the smallest positive number of beams that can be placed to satisfy these conditions?
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