2023 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 4


A quadrilateral has all integer sides lengths, a perimeter of $26$, and one side of length $4$. What is the greatest possible length of one side of this quadrilateral?

$\textbf{(A) }9\qquad\textbf{(B) }10\qquad\textbf{(C) }11\qquad\textbf{(D) }12\qquad\textbf{(E) }13$

Solution 1

Let's use the triangle inequality. We know that for a triangle, the sum of the 2 shorter sides must always be longer than the longest side. This is because if the longest side were to be as long as the sum of the other sides, or longer, we would only have a line.

Similarly, for a convex quadrilateral, the sum of the shortest 3 sides must always be longer than the longest side. Thus, the answer is $\frac{26}{2}-1=13-1=\boxed {\textbf{(D) 12}}$


Solution 2

Say the chosen side is $a$ and the other sides are $b,c,d$.

By the Generalised Polygon Inequality, $a<b+c+d$. We also have $a+b+c+d=26\Rightarrow b+c+d=26-a$.

Combining these two, we get $a<26-a\Rightarrow a<13$.

The largest length that satisfies this is $a=\boxed {\textbf{(D) 12}}$


~slight edits by e___

Solution 3 (Fast)

The quadrilateral can by cyclic only when it is an isosceles triangle. Without Loss of Generality, lets assume that this quadrilateral is a trapezoid. We can assume this as if we inscribe a trapezoid in a triangle, the base can be the diameter of the circle which is the longest chord in the circle, therefore maximizing the side length. By Brahmagupta's Formula, the area of the quadrilateral is defined by $\sqrt{(s-a)(s-b)(s-c)(s-d)}$ where $s$ is the semi-perimeter. If the perimeter of the quadrilateral is $26$, then the semi-perimeter will be $13$. The area of the quadrilateral must be positive so the difference between the semi-perimeter and a side length must be greater than $0$ as otherwise, the area will be $0$ or negative. Therefore, the longest a side can be in this quadrilateral is $\boxed {\textbf{(D) 12}}$


Solution 4

This is an AMC 10 problem 4, so there is no need for any complex formulas. The largest singular side length from a quadrilateral comes from a trapezoid. So we can set the $2$ sides of the trapezoid equal to $4$. Next we can split the trapezoid into $5$ triangles, where each base length of the triangle equals $4$. So the top side equals $8$, and the bottom side length equals $4+4+4$ $=$ $\boxed {\textbf{(D) 12}}$ ~ kabbybear

[asy] size(120); draw((0,0)--(2,6),red); draw((2,6)--(5,6),red); draw((5,6)--(7,0),red); draw((0,0)--(7,0),red); draw((2,6)--(2.67,0),red); draw((2.67,0)--(3.5,6),red); draw((3.5,6)--(4.67,0),red); draw((4.67,0)--(5,6),red); [/asy]

Video Solution by Math-X (First understand the problem!!!)


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See Also

2023 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 3
Followed by
Problem 5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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