# 2023 AMC 10A Problems/Problem 8

## Problem

Barb the baker has developed a new temperature scale for her bakery called the Breadus scale, which is a linear function of the Fahrenheit scale. Bread rises at $110$ degrees Fahrenheit, which is $0$ degrees on the Breadus scale. Bread is baked at $350$ degrees Fahrenheit, which is $100$ degrees on the Breadus scale. Bread is done when its internal temperature is $200$ degrees Fahrenheit. What is this in degrees on the Breadus scale?

$\textbf{(A) }33\qquad\textbf{(B) }34.5\qquad\textbf{(C) }36\qquad\textbf{(D) }37.5\qquad\textbf{(E) }39$

## Solution 1 (Substitution)

To solve this question, you can use $y = mx + b$ where the $x$ is Fahrenheit and the $y$ is Breadus. We have $(110,0)$ and $(350,100)$. We want to find the value of $y$ in $(200,y)$ that falls on this line. The slope for these two points is $\frac{5}{12}$; $y = \frac{5}{12}x + b$. Solving for $b$ using $(110, 0)$, $\frac{550}{12} = -b$. We get $b = \frac{-275}{6}$. Plugging in $(200, y), \frac{1000}{12}-\frac{550}{12}=y$. Simplifying, $\frac{450}{12} = \boxed{\textbf{(D) }37.5}$

~walmartbrian

## Solution 2 (Faster)

Let $^\circ B$ denote degrees Breadus. We notice that $200^\circ F$ is $90^\circ F$ degrees to $0^\circ B$, and $150^\circ F$ to $100^\circ B$. This ratio is $90:150=3:5$; therefore, $200^\circ F$ will be $\dfrac3{3+5}=\dfrac38$ of the way from $0$ to $100$, which is $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }37.5}$

~Technodoggo

## Solution 3 (Intuitive)

From $110$ to $350$ degrees Fahrenheit, the Breadus scale goes from $1$ to $100$. $110$ to $350$ degrees is a span of $240$, and we can use this to determine how many Fahrenheit each Breadus unit is worth. $240$ divided by $100$ is $2.4$, so each Breadus unit is $2.4$ Fahrenheit, starting at $110$ Fahrenheit. For example, $1$ degree on the Breadus scale is $110 + 2.4$, or $112.4$ Fahrenheit. Using this information, we can figure out how many Breadus degrees $200$ Fahrenheit is. $200-110$ is $90$, so we divide $90$ by $2.4$ to find the answer, which is $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }37.5}$

~MercilessAnimations

## Solution 4

We note that the range of F temperatures that $0-100$ $\text{Br}^\circ$ represents is $350-110 = 240$ $\text{F}^\circ$. $200$ $\text{F}^\circ$ is $(200-110) = 90$ $\text{F}^\circ$ along the way to getting to $240$ $\text{F}^\circ$, the end of this range, or $90/240 = 9/24 = 3/8 = 0.375$ of the way. Therefore if we switch to the Br scale, we are $0.375$ of the way to $100$ from $0$, or at $\boxed{\textbf{(D) }37.5}$ $\text{Br}^\circ$.

~Dilip -missmango ~Minor edits by FutureSphinx

## Solution 5

We have the points $(0, 110)$ and $(100, 350)$. We want to find $(x, 200)$. The equation of the line is $y=\frac{12}{5}x+110$. We use this to find $x=\frac{75}{2}=37.5$, or $\boxed{D}$. ~MC413551

## Solution 6 (extremely simple)

We can write the value $y$ on the Breadus scale as $y = mt + b$, where $t$ is the temperature in Fahrenheit. From the problem, $110m + 1b = 0$ and $350m + 1b = 100.$ We can rewrite this problem in terms of linear algebra to solve it.

$Let \: A =\begin{bmatrix} 110 & 1 \\ 350 & 1 \end{bmatrix}, let \: B = \begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 100 \end{bmatrix}, and \: let \: x = \begin{bmatrix} m \\ b \end{bmatrix}.$ We can write the system of equations as Ax = B. We can solve for x using the expression x = $A^{-1}B$. Calculating this value we get $x = \begin{bmatrix} -1/240 & 1/240 \\ 35/24 & -11/24 \end{bmatrix}\cdot\begin{bmatrix} 0 \\ 100 \end{bmatrix}=\begin{bmatrix} 5/12 \\ -275/6 \end{bmatrix}.$ Therefore, $m = 5/12 \: and \: b = -275/6$. Plugging in $t = 200$, we get $(5/12)200+(-275/6) = \boxed{\textbf{(D) }37.5}$.

~Loquacious Autodidact

## Video Solution

~Steven Chen (Professor Chen Education Palace, www.professorchenedu.com)