2023 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 14
Contents
Problem
How many ordered pairs of integers satisfy the equation ?
Solution 1
Clearly, is one of the solutions. However, we can be quite sure that there are more, so we apply Simon's Favorite Factoring Trick to get the following:
Essentially, this says that the product of two consecutive numbers must be a perfect square. This is practically impossible except or . gives . gives . Answer:
~Technodoggo ~minor edits by lucaswujc
Solution 2
Case 1: .
In this case, .
Case 2: .
Denote . Denote and . Thus, .
Thus, the equation given in this problem can be written as
Modulo , we have . Because ., we must have . Plugging this into the above equation, we get . Thus, we must have and .
Thus, there are two solutions in this case: and .
Putting all cases together, the total number of solutions is .
~Steven Chen (Professor Chen Education Palace, www.professorchenedu.com) ~ sravya_m18
Solution 3 (Discriminant)
We can move all terms to one side and write the equation as a quadratic in terms of to get The discriminant of this quadratic is For to be an integer, we must have be a perfect square. Thus, either is a perfect square or and . The first case gives (larger squares are separated by more than 3), which result in the equations and , for a total of two pairs: and . The second case gives the equation , so it's only pair is . In total, the total number of solutions is .
~A_MatheMagician
Solution 4 (Nice Substitution)
Let then
Completing the square in and multiplying by 4 then gives
Since the RHS is a square, clearly the only solutions are and .
The first gives .
The second gives and by solving it as a quadratic with roots and .
Thus there are solutions.
~ Grolarbear
Video Solution by OmegaLearn
Video Solution
~Steven Chen (Professor Chen Education Palace, www.professorchenedu.com)
Video Solution by Interstigation
~Interstigation
See also
2023 AMC 10B (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 13 |
Followed by Problem 15 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 | ||
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions |
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