# 2023 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 12

## Problem

The figure below shows a large white circle with a number of smaller white and shaded circles in its interior. What fraction of the interior of the large white circle is shaded?

$[asy] // Diagram by TheMathGuyd size(6cm); draw(circle((3,3),3)); filldraw(circle((2,3),2),lightgrey); filldraw(circle((3,3),1),white); filldraw(circle((1,3),1),white); filldraw(circle((5.5,3),0.5),lightgrey); filldraw(circle((4.5,4.5),0.5),lightgrey); filldraw(circle((4.5,1.5),0.5),lightgrey); int i, j; for(i=0; i<7; i=i+1) { draw((0,i)--(6,i), dashed+grey); draw((i,0)--(i,6), dashed+grey); } [/asy]$

$\textbf{(A)}\ \frac{1}{4} \qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \frac{11}{36} \qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \frac{1}{3} \qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \frac{19}{36} \qquad \textbf{(E)}\ \frac{5}{9}$

## Solution 1

First, the total area of the radius $3$ circle is simply just $9* \pi$ when using our area of a circle formula.

Now from here, we have to find our shaded area. This can be done by adding the areas of the $3$ $\frac{1}{2}$-radius circles and add; then, take the area of the $2$ radius circle and subtract that from the area of the $2$ radius 1 circles to get our resulting complex area shape. Adding these up, we will get $3 * \frac{1}{4} \pi + 4 \pi -\pi - \pi = \frac{3}{4} \pi + 2 \pi = \frac{11}{4}$.

So, our answer is $\frac {\frac{11}{4} \pi}{9 \pi} = \boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ \frac{11}{36}}$.

~apex304

## Solution 2

Pretend each circle is a square. The large shaded circle is a square with area $16~\text{units}^2$, and the two white circles inside it each have areas of $4~\text{units}^2$, which adds up to $8~\text{units}^2$. The three small shaded circles become three squares with area $1~\text{units}^2$, and add up to $3~\text{units}^2$. Adding the areas of the shaded circles (19) and subtracting the areas of the white circles (8), we get $11~\text{units}^2$. Since the largest white circle in which all these other circles are becomes a square that has area $36~\text{units}^2$, our answer is $\boxed{\textbf{(B)}\ \dfrac{11}{36}}$.

-claregu LaTeX (edits -apex304, CoOlPoTaToEs)

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