2023 AMC 8 Problems/Problem 24


Isosceles $\triangle ABC$ has equal side lengths $AB$ and $BC$. In the figure below, segments are drawn parallel to $\overline{AC}$ so that the shaded portions of $\triangle ABC$ have the same area. The heights of the two unshaded portions are 11 and 5 units, respectively. What is the height of $h$ of $\triangle ABC$?

[asy] //Diagram by TheMathGuyd size(12cm); real h = 2.5; // height real g=4; //c2c space real s = 0.65; //Xcord of Hline real adj = 0.08; //adjust line diffs pair A,B,C; B=(0,h); C=(1,0); A=-conj(C); pair PONE=(s,h*(1-s)); //Endpoint of Hline ONE pair PTWO=(s+adj,h*(1-s-adj)); //Endpoint of Hline ONE path LONE=PONE--(-conj(PONE)); //Hline ONE path LTWO=PTWO--(-conj(PTWO)); path T=A--B--C--cycle; //Triangle   fill (shift(g,0)*(LTWO--B--cycle),mediumgrey); fill (LONE--A--C--cycle,mediumgrey);  draw(LONE); draw(T); label("$A$",A,SW); label("$B$",B,N); label("$C$",C,SE);  draw(shift(g,0)*LTWO); draw(shift(g,0)*T); label("$A$",shift(g,0)*A,SW); label("$B$",shift(g,0)*B,N); label("$C$",shift(g,0)*C,SE);  draw(B--shift(g,0)*B,dashed); draw(C--shift(g,0)*A,dashed); draw((g/2,0)--(g/2,h),dashed); draw((0,h*(1-s))--B,dashed); draw((g,h*(1-s-adj))--(g,0),dashed); label("$5$", midpoint((g,h*(1-s-adj))--(g,0)),UnFill); label("$h$", midpoint((g/2,0)--(g/2,h)),UnFill); label("$11$", midpoint((0,h*(1-s))--B),UnFill); [/asy]

$\textbf{(A) } 14.6 \qquad \textbf{(B) } 14.8 \qquad \textbf{(C) } 15 \qquad \textbf{(D) } 15.2 \qquad \textbf{(E) } 15.4$

Solution 1

First, we notice that the smaller isosceles triangles are similar to the larger isosceles triangles. We can find that the area of the gray area in the first triangle is $[ABC]\cdot\left(1-\left(\tfrac{11}{h}\right)^2\right)$. Similarly, we can find that the area of the gray part in the second triangle is $[ABC]\cdot\left(\tfrac{h-5}{h}\right)^2$. These areas are equal, so $1-\left(\frac{11}{h}\right)^2=\left(\frac{h-5}{h}\right)^2$. Simplifying yields $10h=146$ so $h=\boxed{\textbf{(A) }14.6}$.

~MathFun1000 (~edits apex304)

Solution 2 (Thorough)

We can call the length of AC as $x$. Therefore, the length of the base of the triangle with height $11$ is $11/h = a/x$. Therefore, the base of the smaller triangle is $11x/h$. We find that the area of the trapezoid is $(hx)/2 - 11^2x/2h$.

Using similar triangles once again, we find that the base of the shaded triangle is $(h-5)/h = b/x$. Therefore, the area is $(h-5)(hx-5x)/h$.

Since the areas are the same, we find that $(hx)/2 - 121x/2h = (h-5)(hx-5x)/h$. Multiplying each side by $2h$, we get $h^2x - 121x = h^2x - 5hx - 5hx + 25x$. Therefore, we can subtract $25x + h^2x$ from both sides, and get $-146x = -10hx$. Finally, we divide both sides by $-x$ and get $10h = 146$. $h$ is $\boxed{\textbf{(A)}14.6}$.

Solution by CHECKMATE2021

Solution 3 (Faster)

Since the length of AC does not matter, we can assume the base of triangle ABC is $h$. Therefore, the area of the trapezoid in the first diagram is $h^2/2 - \frac{11^2}{2}$.

The area of the triangle in the second diagram is now $\frac{(h-5)^2}{2}$.

Therefore, $\frac{h^2 - 11^2}{2} = \frac{(h-5)^2}{2}$. Multiplying both sides by $2$, we get $h^2 - 121 = h^2 - 10h + 25$. Subtracting $h^2 + 25$ from both sides, we get $-146 = -10h$ and $h$ is $\boxed{\textbf{(A)}14.6}$.

Solution by ILoveMath31415926535, and CHECKMATE2021

Solution 4(Based on solution 3) (VERY SLOW)

The answers are there on the bottom, so start with the middle one, ${\textbf{(C)}15}$. After calculating, we find that we need a shorter length, so try ${\textbf{(B)}14.8}$. Still, we need a shorter answer, so we simply choose $\boxed{\textbf{(A)}14.6}$ without trying it out.


Video Solution


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Video Solution by Math-X (First understand the problem!!!)



Video Solution 1 by OmegaLearn (Using Similarity)


Video Solution 2 by SpreadTheMathLove(Using Area-Similarity Relaitionship)


Video Solution 3 by Magic Square (Using Similarity and Special Value)(best solution)


Video Solution by Interstigation


Video Solution by WhyMath



Video Solution by harungurcan



See Also

2023 AMC 8 (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 23
Followed by
Problem 25
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AJHSME/AMC 8 Problems and Solutions

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