Diameter

A diameter of a circle is a chord of that circle which passes through the center. Thus a diameter divides the circle into two regions of equal area called semicircles.

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Diameter of a set

The diameter of more general sets can also be defined. In any given metric space (that is, anywhere you can measure distances between points such as normal Euclidean 3-D space, the surface of the Earth, or any real vector space) the diameter of a bounded set of points is the supremum of the distances between pairs of points. In the case where the set of points is a circle, the diameter is the length of the diameter of the circle.

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