# Rotation

A rotation of a planar figure is a transformation that preserves area and angles, but not orientation. The resulting figure is congruent to the first.

Suppose we wish to rotate triangle $ABC$ $60^{\circ}$ clockwise around a point $O$, also known as the center of rotation.

We would first draw segment $AO$. Then, we would draw a new segment, $A'O$ such that the angle formed is $60^{\circ}$, and $AO=A'O$. Do this for points $B$ and $C$, to get the new triangle $A'B'C'$

### Practice Problems

• Isosceles $\triangle ABC$ has a right angle at $C$. Point $P$ is inside $\triangle ABC$, such that $PA=11$, $PB=7$, and $PC=6$. Legs $\overline{AC}$ and $\overline{BC}$ have length $s=\sqrt{a+b\sqrt{2}}$, where $a$ and $b$ are positive integers. What is $a+b$? $[asy] pathpen = linewidth(0.7); pen f = fontsize(10); size(5cm); pair B = (0,sqrt(85+42*sqrt(2))); pair A = (B.y,0); pair C = (0,0); pair P = IP(arc(B,7,180,360),arc(C,6,0,90)); D(A--B--C--cycle); D(P--A); D(P--B); D(P--C); MP("A",D(A),plain.E,f); MP("B",D(B),plain.N,f); MP("C",D(C),plain.SW,f); MP("P",D(P),plain.NE,f); [/asy]$ $\mathrm{(A)}\ 85 \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ 91 \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 108 \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 121 \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 127$

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• Suppose that $\triangle{ABC}$ is an equilateral triangle of side length $s$, with the property that there is a unique point $P$ inside the triangle such that $AP=1$, $BP=\sqrt{3}$, and $CP=2$. What is $s$? $\textbf{(A) } 1+\sqrt{2} \qquad \textbf{(B) } \sqrt{7} \qquad \textbf{(C) } \frac{8}{3} \qquad \textbf{(D) } \sqrt{5+\sqrt{5}} \qquad \textbf{(E) } 2\sqrt{2}$

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• Three concentric circles have radii $3,$ $4,$ and $5.$ An equilateral triangle with one vertex on each circle has side length $s.$ The largest possible area of the triangle can be written as $a + \tfrac{b}{c} \sqrt{d},$ where $a,$ $b,$ $c,$ and $d$ are positive integers, $b$ and $c$ are relatively prime, and $d$ is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find $a+b+c+d.$

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