1970 IMO Problems

Problems of the 12th IMO 1970 Hungary.

Day 1

Problem 1

Let $M$ be a point on the side $AB$ of $\triangle ABC$. Let $r_1, r_2$, and $r$ be the inscribed circles of triangles $AMC, BMC$, and $ABC$. Let $q_1, q_2$, and $q$ be the radii of the exscribed circles of the same triangles that lie in $\angle ACB$. Prove that

$\frac{r_1}{q_1} \cdot \frac{r_2}{q_2} = \frac{r}{q}$.


Problem 2

Let $a, b$, and $n$ be integers greater than 1, and let $a$ and $b$ be the bases of two number systems. $A_{n-1}$ and $A_{n}$ are numbers in the system with base $a$ and $B_{n-1}$ and $B_{n}$ are numbers in the system with base $b$; these are related as follows:

$A_{n} = x_{n}x_{n-1}\cdots x_{0}, A_{n-1} = x_{n-1}x_{n-2}\cdots x_{0}$,

$B_{n} = x_{n}x_{n-1}\cdots x_{0}, B_{n-1} = x_{n-1}x_{n-2}\cdots x_{0}$,

$x_{n} \neq 0, x_{n-1} \neq 0$.


$\frac{A_{n-1}}{A_{n}} < \frac{B_{n-1}}{B_{n}}$ if and only if $a > b$.


Problem 3

The real numbers $a_0, a_1, \ldots, a_n, \ldots$ satisfy the condition:

$1 = a_{0} \leq a_{1} \leq \cdots \leq a_{n} \leq \cdots$.

The numbers $b_{1}, b_{2}, \ldots, b_n, \ldots$ are defined by

$b_n = \sum_{k=1}^{n} \left( 1 - \frac{a_{k-1}}{a_{k}} \right)$

(a) Prove that $0 \leq b_n < 2$ for all $n$.

(b) given $c$ with $0 \leq c < 2$, prove that there exist numbers $a_0, a_1, \ldots$ with the above properties such that $b_n > c$ for large enough $n$.


Day 2

Problem 4

Find the set of all positive integers $n$ with the property that the set $\{ n, n+1, n+2, n+3, n+4, n+5 \}$ can be partitioned into two sets such that the product of the numbers in one set equals the product of the numbers in the other set.


Problem 5

In the tetrahedron $ABCD$, angle $BDC$ is a right angle. Suppose that the foot $H$ of the perpendicular from $D$ to the plane $ABC$ in the tetrahedron is the intersection of the altitudes of $\triangle ABC$. Prove that

$( AB+BC+CA )^2 \leq 6( AD^2 + BD^2 + CD^2 )$.

For what tetrahedra does equality hold?


Problem 6

In a plane there are $100$ points, no three of which are collinear. Consider all possible triangles having these point as vertices. Prove that no more than $70 \%$ of these triangles are acute-angled.



1970 IMO (Problems) • Resources
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