1986 AHSME Problems/Problem 21

Revision as of 17:50, 1 April 2018 by Hapaxoromenon (talk | contribs) (Fixed LaTeX)
(diff) ← Older revision | Latest revision (diff) | Newer revision → (diff)

Problem

In the configuration below, $\theta$ is measured in radians, $C$ is the center of the circle, $BCD$ and $ACE$ are line segments and $AB$ is tangent to the circle at $A$.

[asy] defaultpen(fontsize(10pt)+linewidth(.8pt)); pair A=(0,-1), E=(0,1), C=(0,0), D=dir(10), F=dir(190), B=(-1/sin(10*pi/180))*dir(10); fill(Arc((0,0),1,10,90)--C--D--cycle,mediumgray); fill(Arc((0,0),1,190,270)--B--F--cycle,mediumgray); draw(unitcircle); draw(A--B--D^^A--E); label("$A$",A,S); label("$B$",B,W); label("$C$",C,SE); label("$\theta$",C,SW); label("$D$",D,NE); label("$E$",E,N); [/asy]

A necessary and sufficient condition for the equality of the two shaded areas, given $0 < \theta < \frac{\pi}{2}$, is

$\textbf{(A)}\ \tan \theta = \theta\qquad \textbf{(B)}\ \tan \theta = 2\theta\qquad \textbf{(C)}\ \tan\theta = 4\theta\qquad \textbf{(D)}\ \tan 2\theta =\theta\qquad\\  \textbf{(E)}\ \tan\frac{\theta}{2}=\theta$


Solution

Well, the shaded sector's area is basically $\text{(ratio of } \theta \text{ to total angle of circle)} \times \text{(total area)} = \frac{\theta}{2\pi} \cdot (\pi r^2) = \frac{\theta}{2} \cdot (AC)^2$.

In addition, if you let $\angle{ACB} = \theta$, then \[\tan \theta = \frac{AB}{AC}\]\[AB = AC\tan \theta = r\tan \theta\]\[[ABC] = \frac{AB \cdot AC}{2} = \frac{r^2\tan \theta}{2}\]Then the area of that shaded thing on the left becomes \[\frac{r^2\tan \theta}{2} - \frac{\theta \cdot r^2}{2}\]We want this to be equal to the sector area so \[\frac{r^2\tan \theta}{2} - \frac{\theta \cdot r^2}{2} = \frac{\theta \cdot r^2}{2}\]\[\frac{r^2\tan \theta}{2} = \theta \cdot r^2\]\[\tan \theta = 2\theta\]

See also

1986 AHSME (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 20
Followed by
Problem 22
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
All AHSME Problems and Solutions

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. AMC logo.png

Invalid username
Login to AoPS