1987 AJHSME Problems

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Problem 1

$.4+.02+.006=$

$\text{(A)}\ .012 \qquad \text{(B)}\ .066 \qquad \text{(C)}\ .12 \qquad \text{(D)}\ .24 \qquad \text{(E)} .426$

Solution

Problem 2

$\frac{2}{25}=$

$\text{(A)}\ .008 \qquad \text{(B)}\ .08 \qquad \text{(C)}\ .8 \qquad \text{(D)} 1.25 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 12.5$

Solution

Problem 3

$2(81+83+85+87+89+91+93+95+97+99)=$

$\text{(A)}\ 1600 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 1650 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 1700 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 1750 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 1800$

Solution

Problem 4

Martians measure angles in clerts. There are $500$ clerts in a full circle. How many clerts are there in a right angle?

$\text{(A)}\ 90 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 100 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 125 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 180 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 250$

Solution

Problem 5

The area of the rectangular region is

[asy] draw((0,0)--(4,0)--(4,2.2)--(0,2.2)--cycle,linewidth(.5 mm)); label(".22 m",(4,1.1),E); label(".4 m",(2,0),S); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ \text{.088 m}^2 \qquad \text{(B)}\ \text{.62 m}^2 \qquad \text{(C)}\ \text{.88 m}^2 \qquad \text{(D)}\ \text{1.24 m}^2 \qquad \text{(E)}\ \text{4.22 m}^2$

Solution

Problem 6

The smallest product one could obtain by multiplying two numbers in the set $\{ -7, -5, -1, 1, 3 \}$ is

$\text{(A)}\ -35 \qquad \text{(B)}\ -21 \qquad \text{(C)}\ -15 \qquad \text{(D)}\ -1 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 3$

Solution

Problem 7

Solution

Problem 8

Solution

Problem 9

When finding the sum $\frac{1}{2}+\frac{1}{3}+\frac{1}{4}+\frac{1}{5}+\frac{1}{6}+\frac{1}{7}$, the least common denominator used is

$\text{(A)}\ 120 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 210 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 420 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 840 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 5040$

Solution

Problem 10

$4(299)+3(299)+2(299)+298=$

$\text{(A)}\ 2889 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 2989 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 2991 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 2999 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 3009$

Solution

Problem 11

The sum $2\frac17+3\frac12+5\frac{1}{19}$ is between

$\text{(A)}\ 10\text{ and }10\frac12 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 10\frac12 \text{ and } 11 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 11\text{ and }11\frac12 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 11\frac12 \text{ and }12 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 12\text{ and }12\frac12$

Solution

Problem 12

What fraction of the large $12$ by $18$ rectangular region is shaded?

[asy] draw((0,0)--(18,0)--(18,12)--(0,12)--cycle); draw((0,6)--(18,6)); for(int a=6; a<12; ++a)  {   draw((1.5a,0)--(1.5a,6));  } fill((15,0)--(18,0)--(18,6)--(15,6)--cycle,black); label("0",(0,0),W); label("9",(9,0),S); label("18",(18,0),S); label("6",(0,6),W); label("12",(0,12),W); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{1}{108} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{1}{18} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{1}{12} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \frac29 \qquad \text{(E)}\ \frac13$

Solution

Problem 13

Which of the following fractions has the largest value?

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{3}{7} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{4}{9} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{17}{35} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \frac{100}{201} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \frac{151}{301}$

Solution

Problem 14

A computer can do $10,000$ additions per second. How many additions can it do in one hour?

$\text{(A)}\ 6\text{ million} \qquad \text{(B)}\ 36\text{ million} \qquad \text{(C)}\ 60\text{ million} \qquad \text{(D)}\ 216\text{ million} \qquad \text{(E)}\ 360\text{ million}$

Solution

Problem 15

The sale ad read: "Buy three tires at the regular price and get the fourth tire for <dollar/>3." Sam paid <dollar/>240 for a set of four tires at the sale. What was the regular price of one tire?

$\text{(A)}\ 59.25\text{ dollars} \qquad \text{(B)}\ 60\text{ dollars} \qquad \text{(C)}\ 70\text{ dollars} \qquad \text{(D)}\ 79\text{ dollars} \qquad \text{(E)}\ 80\text{ dollars}$

Solution

Problem 16

Joyce made $12$ of her first $30$ shots in the first three games of this basketball game, so her seasonal shooting average was $40\%$. In her next game, she took $10$ shots and raised her seasonal shooting average to $50\%$. How many of these $10$ shots did she make?

$\text{(A)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 6 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 8$

Solution

Problem 17

Abby, Bret, Carl, and Dana are seated in a row of four seats numbered #1 to #4. Joe looks at them and says:

"Bret is next to Carl."
"Abby is between Bret and Carl."

However each one of Joe's statements is false. Bret is actually sitting in seat #3. Who is sitting in seat #2?

$\text{(A)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 6 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 8$

Solution

Problem 18

Half the people in a room left. One third of those remaining started to dance. There were then $12$ people who were not dancing. The original number of people in the room was

$\text{(A)}\ 24 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 30 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 36 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 42 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 72$

Solution

Problem 19

A calculator has a squaring key $\boxed{x^2}$ which replaces the current number displayed with its square. For example, if the display is $\boxed{000003}$ and the $\boxed{x^2}$ key is depressed, then the display becomes $\boxed{000009}$. If the display reads $\boxed{000002}$, how many times must you depress the $\boxed{x^2}$ key to produce a displayed number greater than $500$?

$\text{(A)}\ 4 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 5 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 8 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 9 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 250$

Solution

Problem 20

"If a whole number $n$ is not prime, then the whole number $n-2$ is not prime." A value of $n$ which shows this statement to be false is

$\text{(A)}\ 9 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 12 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 13 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 16 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 23$

Solution

Problem 21

Suppose $n^{*}$ means $\frac{1}{n}$, the reciprocal of $n$. For example, $5^{*}=\frac{1}{5}$. How many of the following statements are true?

i) $3^*+6^*=9^*$
ii) $6^*-4^*=2^*$
iii) $2^*\cdot 6^*=12^*$
iv) $10^*\div 2^* =5^*$

$\text{(A)}\ 0 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 1 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 2 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 3 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 4$

Solution

Problem 22

$\text{ABCD}$ is a rectangle, $\text{D}$ is the center of the circle, and $\text{B}$ is on the circle. If $\text{AD}=4$ and $\text{CD}=3$, then the area of the shaded region is between

[asy] pair A,B,C,D; A=(0,4); B=(3,4); C=(3,0); D=origin; draw(circle(D,5)); fill((0,5)..(1.5,4.7697)..B--A--cycle,black); fill(B..(4,3)..(5,0)--C--cycle,black); draw((0,5)--D--(5,0)); [/asy]

$\text{(A)}\ 4\text{ and }5 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 5\text{ and }6 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 6\text{ and }7 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 7\text{ and }8 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 8\text{ and }9$

Solution

Problem 23

Solution

Problem 24

A multiple choice examination consists of $20$ questions. The scoring is $+5$ for each correct answer, $-2$ for each incorrect answer, and $0$ for each unanswered question. John's score on the examination is $48$. What is the maximum number of questions he could have answered correctly?

$\text{(A)}\ 9 \qquad \text{(B)}\ 10 \qquad \text{(C)}\ 11 \qquad \text{(D)}\ 12 \qquad \text{(E)}\ 16$

Solution

Problem 25

Ten balls numbered $1$ to $10$ are in a jar. Jack reaches into the jar and randomly removes one of the balls. Then Jill reaches into the jar and randomly removes a different ball. The probability that the sum of the two numbers on the balls removed is even is

$\text{(A)}\ \frac{4}{9} \qquad \text{(B)}\ \frac{9}{19} \qquad \text{(C)}\ \frac{1}{2} \qquad \text{(D)}\ \frac{10}{19} \qquad \text{(E)}\ \frac{5}{9}$

Solution

See also

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