Difference between revisions of "2000 AIME I Problems/Problem 11"

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Let <math>S</math> be the sum of all numbers of the form <math>a/b,</math> where <math>a</math> and <math>b</math> are [[relatively prime]] positive [[divisor]]s of <math>1000.</math> What is the [[floor function|greatest integer]] that does not exceed <math>S/10</math>?
 
Let <math>S</math> be the sum of all numbers of the form <math>a/b,</math> where <math>a</math> and <math>b</math> are [[relatively prime]] positive [[divisor]]s of <math>1000.</math> What is the [[floor function|greatest integer]] that does not exceed <math>S/10</math>?
  
== Solution ==
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== Solution 1 ==
 
Since all divisors of <math>1000 = 2^35^3</math> can be written in the form of <math>2^{m}5^{n}</math>, it follows that <math>\frac{a}{b}</math> can also be expressed in the form of <math>2^{x}5^{y}</math>, where <math>-3 \le x,y \le 3</math>. Thus every number in the form of <math>a/b</math> will be expressed one time in the product
 
Since all divisors of <math>1000 = 2^35^3</math> can be written in the form of <math>2^{m}5^{n}</math>, it follows that <math>\frac{a}{b}</math> can also be expressed in the form of <math>2^{x}5^{y}</math>, where <math>-3 \le x,y \le 3</math>. Thus every number in the form of <math>a/b</math> will be expressed one time in the product
  
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Using the formula for a [[geometric series]], this reduces to <math>S = \frac{2^{-3}(2^7 - 1)}{2-1} \cdot \frac{5^{-3}(5^{7} - 1)}{5-1} = \frac{127 \cdot 78124}{4000} = 2480 + \frac{437}{1000}</math>, and <math>\left\lfloor \frac{S}{10} \right\rfloor = \boxed{248}</math>.
 
Using the formula for a [[geometric series]], this reduces to <math>S = \frac{2^{-3}(2^7 - 1)}{2-1} \cdot \frac{5^{-3}(5^{7} - 1)}{5-1} = \frac{127 \cdot 78124}{4000} = 2480 + \frac{437}{1000}</math>, and <math>\left\lfloor \frac{S}{10} \right\rfloor = \boxed{248}</math>.
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== Solution 2 ==
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Essentially, the problem asks us to compute <cmath>\sum_{a=-3}^3 \sum_{b=-3}^3 \frac{2^a}{5^b}</cmath> which is pretty easy: <cmath>\sum_{a=-3}^3 \sum_{b=-3}^3 \frac{2^a}{5^b} = \sum_{a=-3}^3 2^a \sum_{b=-3}^3 \frac{1}{5^b} = \sum_{a=-3}^3 2^a 5^{3}\bigg( \frac{1-5^{-7}}{1-\frac{1}{5}}    \bigg) = 5^{3}\bigg( \frac{1-5^{-7}}{1-\frac{1}{5}} \bigg) \sum_{a=-3}^3 2^a = 5^{3}\bigg( \frac{1-5^{-7}}{1-\frac{1}{5}} \bigg)2^{-3} \bigg( \frac{1-2^7}{1-2}  \bigg) = 2480 + \frac{437}{1000}</cmath> so our answer is <math>\left\lfloor \frac{2480 + \frac{437}{1000}}{10} \right\rfloor = \boxed{248}</math>.
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Revision as of 21:46, 3 December 2016

Problem

Let $S$ be the sum of all numbers of the form $a/b,$ where $a$ and $b$ are relatively prime positive divisors of $1000.$ What is the greatest integer that does not exceed $S/10$?

Solution 1

Since all divisors of $1000 = 2^35^3$ can be written in the form of $2^{m}5^{n}$, it follows that $\frac{a}{b}$ can also be expressed in the form of $2^{x}5^{y}$, where $-3 \le x,y \le 3$. Thus every number in the form of $a/b$ will be expressed one time in the product

\[(2^{-3} + 2^{-2} + 2^{-1} + 2^{0} + 2^{1} + 2^2 + 2^3)(5^{-3} + 5^{-2} +5^{-1} + 5^{0} + 5^{1} + 5^2 + 5^3)\]

Using the formula for a geometric series, this reduces to $S = \frac{2^{-3}(2^7 - 1)}{2-1} \cdot \frac{5^{-3}(5^{7} - 1)}{5-1} = \frac{127 \cdot 78124}{4000} = 2480 + \frac{437}{1000}$, and $\left\lfloor \frac{S}{10} \right\rfloor = \boxed{248}$.

Solution 2

Essentially, the problem asks us to compute \[\sum_{a=-3}^3 \sum_{b=-3}^3 \frac{2^a}{5^b}\] which is pretty easy: \[\sum_{a=-3}^3 \sum_{b=-3}^3 \frac{2^a}{5^b} = \sum_{a=-3}^3 2^a \sum_{b=-3}^3 \frac{1}{5^b} = \sum_{a=-3}^3 2^a 5^{3}\bigg( \frac{1-5^{-7}}{1-\frac{1}{5}}    \bigg) = 5^{3}\bigg( \frac{1-5^{-7}}{1-\frac{1}{5}} \bigg) \sum_{a=-3}^3 2^a = 5^{3}\bigg( \frac{1-5^{-7}}{1-\frac{1}{5}} \bigg)2^{-3} \bigg( \frac{1-2^7}{1-2}  \bigg) = 2480 + \frac{437}{1000}\] so our answer is $\left\lfloor \frac{2480 + \frac{437}{1000}}{10} \right\rfloor = \boxed{248}$.

See also

2000 AIME I (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 10
Followed by
Problem 12
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
All AIME Problems and Solutions

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