Difference between revisions of "2001 AIME I Problems/Problem 4"
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== Problem == | == Problem == | ||
− | In triangle <math>ABC</math>, angles <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> measure <math>60</math> degrees and <math>45</math> degrees, respectively. The bisector of angle <math>A</math> intersects <math>\overline{BC}</math> at <math>T</math>, and <math>AT=24</math>. The area of triangle <math>ABC</math> can be written in the form <math>a+b\sqrt{c}</math>, where <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, and <math>c</math> are positive integers, and <math>c</math> is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find <math>a+b+c</math>. | + | In [[triangle]] <math>ABC</math>, angles <math>A</math> and <math>B</math> measure <math>60</math> degrees and <math>45</math> degrees, respectively. The [[angle bisector|bisector]] of angle <math>A</math> intersects <math>\overline{BC}</math> at <math>T</math>, and <math>AT=24</math>. The area of triangle <math>ABC</math> can be written in the form <math>a+b\sqrt{c}</math>, where <math>a</math>, <math>b</math>, and <math>c</math> are positive integers, and <math>c</math> is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find <math>a+b+c</math>. |
== Solution == | == Solution == | ||
− | {{ | + | <center><asy> size(180); |
+ | pointpen = black; pathpen = black+linewidth(0.7); | ||
+ | pair A=(0,0),B=(12+12*3^.5,0),C=(12,12*3^.5),D=foot(C,A,B),T=IP(CR(A,24),B--C); | ||
+ | D(MP("A",A)--MP("B",B)--MP("C",C,N)--cycle); D(D(MP("T",T,NE))--A); D(MP("D",D)--C,linetype("6 6") + linewidth(0.7)); | ||
+ | MP("24",(A+3*T)/4,SE); | ||
+ | D(anglemark(C,B,A,65)); D(anglemark(B,A,C,65)); D(rightanglemark(C,D,B,50)); MP("30^{\circ}",A,(4,1)); MP("45^{\circ}",B,(-3,1)); | ||
+ | </asy></center> | ||
+ | |||
+ | Let <math>D</math> be the foot of the [[altitude]] from <math>C</math> to <math>\overline{AB}</math>. By simple angle-chasing, we find that <math>\angle ATB = 105^{\circ}, \angle ATC = 75^{\circ} = \angle ACT</math>, and thus <math>AC = AT = 24</math>. Now <math>\triangle ADC</math> is a <math>30-60-90</math> [[right triangle]] and <math>BDC</math> is a <math>45-45-90</math> right triangle, so <math>AC = 12,\,CD = 12\sqrt{3},\,BD = 12\sqrt{3}</math>. The area of | ||
+ | |||
+ | <cmath>ABC = \frac{1}{2}bh = \frac{CD \cdot (AD + BD)}{2} = \frac{12\sqrt{3} \cdot \left(12\sqrt{3} + 12\right)}{2} = 216 + 72\sqrt{3},</cmath> | ||
+ | |||
+ | and the answer is <math>a+b+c = 216 + 72 + 3 = \boxed{291}</math>. | ||
== See also == | == See also == | ||
{{AIME box|year=2001|n=I|num-b=3|num-a=5}} | {{AIME box|year=2001|n=I|num-b=3|num-a=5}} | ||
+ | |||
+ | [[Category:Intermediate Geometry Problems]] |
Revision as of 16:50, 11 June 2008
Problem
In triangle , angles and measure degrees and degrees, respectively. The bisector of angle intersects at , and . The area of triangle can be written in the form , where , , and are positive integers, and is not divisible by the square of any prime. Find .
Solution
Let be the foot of the altitude from to . By simple angle-chasing, we find that , and thus . Now is a right triangle and is a right triangle, so . The area of
and the answer is .
See also
2001 AIME I (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) | ||
Preceded by Problem 3 |
Followed by Problem 5 | |
1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 | ||
All AIME Problems and Solutions |