# 2001 AMC 12 Problems/Problem 4

The following problem is from both the 2001 AMC 12 #4 and 2002 AMC 10A #16, so both problems redirect to this page.

## Problem

The mean of three numbers is $10$ more than the least of the numbers and $15$ less than the greatest. The median of the three numbers is $5$. What is their sum?

$\text{(A)}\ 5\qquad \text{(B)}\ 20\qquad \text{(C)}\ 25\qquad \text{(D)}\ 30\qquad \text{(E)}\ 36$

## Solution

Let $m$ be the mean of the three numbers. Then the least of the numbers is $m-10$ and the greatest is $m + 15$. The middle of the three numbers is the median, 5. So $\dfrac{1}{3}[(m-10) + 5 + (m + 15)] = m$, which implies that $m=10$. Hence, the sum of the three numbers is $3(10) = 30$, and the answer is $\text{(D)}$.

## See Also

 2001 AMC 12 (Problems • Answer Key • Resources) Preceded byProblem 3 Followed byProblem 5 1 • 2 • 3 • 4 • 5 • 6 • 7 • 8 • 9 • 10 • 11 • 12 • 13 • 14 • 15 • 16 • 17 • 18 • 19 • 20 • 21 • 22 • 23 • 24 • 25 All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
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