Difference between revisions of "2004 AMC 12A Problems/Problem 8"

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Let <math>[X]</math> represent the area of figure <math>X</math>. Note that <math>[\triangle BEA]=[\triangle ABD]+[\triangle ADE]</math> and <math>[\triangle BCA]=[\triangle ABD]+[\triangle BDC]</math>.
 
Let <math>[X]</math> represent the area of figure <math>X</math>. Note that <math>[\triangle BEA]=[\triangle ABD]+[\triangle ADE]</math> and <math>[\triangle BCA]=[\triangle ABD]+[\triangle BDC]</math>.
  
<math>[\triangle ADE]-[\triangle BDC]=[\triangle BEA]-[\triangle BCA]=\frac{1}{2}\times8\times4-\frac{1}{2}\times6\times4= 16-12=4\Rightarrow\boxed{\mathrm{(B)}\ 4}</math>.
+
<math>[\triangle ADE]-[\triangle BDC]=[\triangle BEA]-[\triangle BCA]=\frac{1}{2}\times8\times4-\frac{1}{2}\times6\times4= 16-12=4\Rightarrow\boxed{\mathrm{(B)}\ 4}</math>
  
 
== See also ==
 
== See also ==

Revision as of 00:30, 21 July 2014

The following problem is from both the 2004 AMC 12A #8 and 2004 AMC 10A #9, so both problems redirect to this page.

Problem

In the overlapping triangles $\triangle{ABC}$ and $\triangle{ABE}$ sharing common side $AB$, $\angle{EAB}$ and $\angle{ABC}$ are right angles, $AB=4$, $BC=6$, $AE=8$, and $\overline{AC}$ and $\overline{BE}$ intersect at $D$. What is the difference between the areas of $\triangle{ADE}$ and $\triangle{BDC}$?

AMC10 2004A 9.gif

$\mathrm {(A)}\ 2 \qquad \mathrm {(B)}\ 4 \qquad \mathrm {(C)}\ 5 \qquad \mathrm {(D)}\ 8 \qquad \mathrm {(E)}\ 9 \qquad$

Solution 1

Since $AE \perp AB$ and $BC \perp AB$, $AE \parallel BC$. By alternate interior angles and $AA\sim$, we find that $\triangle ADE \sim \triangle CDB$, with side length ratio $\frac{4}{3}$. Their heights also have the same ratio, and since the two heights add up to $4$, we have that $h_{ADE} = 4 \cdot \frac{4}{7} = \frac{16}{7}$ and $h_{CDB} = 3 \cdot \frac 47 = \frac {12}7$. Subtracting the areas, $\frac{1}{2} \cdot 8 \cdot \frac {16}7 - \frac 12 \cdot 6 \cdot \frac{12}7 = 4$ $\Rightarrow$ $\boxed{\mathrm{(B)}\ 4}$.

Solution 2

Let $[X]$ represent the area of figure $X$. Note that $[\triangle BEA]=[\triangle ABD]+[\triangle ADE]$ and $[\triangle BCA]=[\triangle ABD]+[\triangle BDC]$.

$[\triangle ADE]-[\triangle BDC]=[\triangle BEA]-[\triangle BCA]=\frac{1}{2}\times8\times4-\frac{1}{2}\times6\times4= 16-12=4\Rightarrow\boxed{\mathrm{(B)}\ 4}$

See also

2004 AMC 12A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 7
Followed by
Problem 9
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 12 Problems and Solutions
2004 AMC 10A (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 8
Followed by
Problem 10
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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