2005 AMC 10B Problems/Problem 23

Revision as of 06:36, 1 June 2021 by Mobius247 (talk | contribs) (Solution 1)

Problem

In trapezoid $ABCD$ we have $\overline{AB}$ parallel to $\overline{DC}$, $E$ as the midpoint of $\overline{BC}$, and $F$ as the midpoint of $\overline{DA}$. The area of $ABEF$ is twice the area of $FECD$. What is $AB/DC$?

$\mathrm{(A)} 2 \qquad \mathrm{(B)} 3 \qquad \mathrm{(C)} 5 \qquad \mathrm{(D)} 6 \qquad \mathrm{(E)} 8$

Solution 1

Since the heights of both trapezoids are equal, and the area of $ABEF$ is twice the area of $FECD$,

$\frac{AB+EF}{2}=2\left(\frac{DC+EF}{2}\right)$.

$\frac{AB+EF}{2}=DC+EF$, so

$AB+EF=2DC+2EF$.

$EF$ is exactly halfway between $AB$ and $DC$, so $EF=\frac{AB+DC}{2}$.

$AB+\frac{AB+DC}{2}=2DC+AB+DC$, so

$\frac{3}{2}AB+\frac{1}{2}DC=3DC+AB$, and

$\frac{1}{2}AB=\frac{5}{2}DC$.

$\frac{AB}{DC} = \boxed{5}$.

Solution 2

Mark $DC=z$, $AB=x$, and $FE=y.$ Note that the heights of trapezoids $ABEF$ & $FECD$ are the same. Mark the height to be $h$.

Then, we have that $\tfrac{x+y}{2}\cdot h=2(\tfrac{y+z}{2} \cdot h)$.

From this, we get that $x=2z+y$.

We also get that $\tfrac{x+z}{2} \cdot h= 3(\tfrac{y+z}{2} \cdot h)$.

Simplifying, we get that $2x=z+3y$

Notice that we want $\tfrac{AB}{DC}=\tfrac{x}{z}$.

Dividing the first equation by $z$, we get that $\tfrac{x}{z}=2+\tfrac{y}{z}\implies 3(\tfrac{x}{z})=6+3(\tfrac{y}{z})$.

Dividing the second equation by $z$, we get that $2(\tfrac{x}{z})=1+3(\tfrac{y}{z})$.

Now, when we subtract the top equation from the bottom, we get that $\tfrac{x}{z}=5$

Hence, the answer is $\boxed{5}$

See Also

2005 AMC 10B (ProblemsAnswer KeyResources)
Preceded by
Problem 22
Followed by
Problem 24
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25
All AMC 10 Problems and Solutions

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