# 2005 AMC 12B Problems/Problem 9

The following problem is from both the 2005 AMC 12B #9 and 2005 AMC 10B #19, so both problems redirect to this page.

## Problem

On a certain math exam, $10\%$ of the students got $70$ points, $25\%$ got $80$ points, $20\%$ got $85$ points, $15\%$ got $90$ points, and the rest got $95$ points. What is the difference between the mean and the median score on this exam? $\mathrm{(A)}\ 0 \qquad \mathrm{(B)}\ 1 \qquad \mathrm{(C)}\ 2 \qquad \mathrm{(D)}\ 4 \qquad \mathrm{(E)}\ 5$

## Solution

To begin, we see that the remaining $30\%$ of the students got $95$ points. Assume that there are $20$ students; we see that $2$ students got $70$ points, $5$ students got $80$ points, $4$ students got $85$ points, $3$ students got $90$ points, and $6$ students got $95$ points. The median is $85$, since the $10^{\text{th}}$ and $11^{\text{th}}$ terms are both $85$. The mean is $\dfrac{70\,(2)+80\,(5)+85\,(4)+90\,(3)+95\,(6)}{20}=\dfrac{1720}{20}=86$. The difference between the mean and median, therefore, is $\boxed{\mathrm{(B)}\ 1}$.

The problems on this page are copyrighted by the Mathematical Association of America's American Mathematics Competitions. 